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  • Virgin Islands History
1990 Festival of American Folklife
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The sections of articles about the U.S. Virgin Islands and Senegal have statements from two sets of authors. One article in each section is a general, inclusive statement written by a member of our curatorial staff.
Employing a point of view generally defined by Smithsonian imperatives for "the increase and diffusion of knowledge," the author engages in the characteristic practices of the Festival. These include: identifying and valorizing traditional cultural practices; explaining them primarily in historical, economic, and social terms; replying to popular stereotypes and supplanting them with empirically derived characterizations; representing geographically and historically bounded cultural wholes.
The other statements are written by authors from the geographic areas featured- the U.S. Virgin Islands and Senegal. These articles are more richly detailed. They address a variety of audiences, reply to a variety of implicit and explicit assertions, and are couched in a variety of styles. They have, of course, been solicited, selected, and edited - processes which are ineluctably based in our Institutional practice. We hope that in spite of this practice, and also in some degree because of it, these short critical pieces do incorporate a variety of voices speaking on noteworthy aspects of folklife.
In this sense, the organization of this year's Program Book represents the practice of the Festival as a whole.
The dialogue of viewpoints, understandings and of cultural styles strengthens the discourse of our national cultural Institution.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Literature
Environmental Studies
Social Science
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Author:
National Park
Smithsonian Institute
Date Added:
09/28/2021
CSPAN: U.S. Territorial Issues Feb 10, 1993
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Public Domain
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Several professors, government officials and political party members spoke in a forum on political and social issues affecting U.S. territories, which focused mainly on the relationship between the U.S. federal government and the governments of the territories. Following the speakers' prepared remarks, the panelists responded to questions from members of the audience.

Subject:
Caribbean History
U.S. History
Political Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Lecture
Author:
CSPAN
Date Added:
08/12/2021
The Charlotte Amalie Saladoid Excavation Documentary
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Public Domain
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More than 2,000 years ago there was likely a thriving Taino community in the heart of Charlotte Amalie. In 2013 contractors began turning up shards of pottery and other artifacts during otherwise routine roadwork on Main Street near Market Square. Work was temporarily halted and archeologists were called in to help dig up what was described as a “major” find. Thousands of artifacts were eventually discovered in a relatively small area. A short documentary was later produced about the dig and the many interesting objects found on site. - - US Virgin Islands DPNR and the State Office of Historic Preservation

Subject:
Environmental Science
World Cultures
Speaking and Listening
Caribbean History
Virgin Islands History
World Geography
Material Type:
Lecture
Lesson
Author:
Government House Virgin Islands
Date Added:
08/11/2021
The Colonial Archives of the United States Virgin Islands on JSTOR
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Public Domain
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This article examines the relationship between custody, access, and provenance through a case study of the records of a former Danish colony, the United States Virgin Islands. In 1917, when the United States purchased the Virgin Islands from Denmark, Danish archivists removed the majority of records created there during colonial rule and deposited them in the Danish National Archives. Following its establishment in the 1930s, the National Archives of the United States sent an archivist to the Virgin Islands to claim most of the remaining records and ship them to Washington. The native population of the Virgin Islands, primarily former colonials whose ancestors were brought from Africa as slaves, were left without access to the written sources that comprised their history. While all three parties have claims to custody of the records, the claim of the people of the Virgin Islands relies on an expanded definition of provenance that includes territoriality or locale, as well as on a custodial responsiblity for access. The competing custodial claims suggest a dissonance between legal custody, physical custody, and archival principles that may be resolvable through post- custodial management practices.

Subject:
Applied Science
Arts and Humanities
Education
History
Social Science
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Reading
Author:
Jeannette Allis Bastian
Date Added:
08/13/2021
DAACS and The Society of Black Archaeologists: Research on St. Croix
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Public Domain
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The Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery (DAACS) is a Monticello initiative that collaborates with archaeologists working across North Ameri...

Subject:
Virgin Islands History
Archaeology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Author:
Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery
Date Added:
08/10/2021
Denmark and the US Virgin Islands
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Public Domain
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The website ‘The West Indian Heritage’ tells its story using the buildings as a framework for understanding the structure, function, and people of the colony who were either forced to risk their lives producing the coveted goods or benefited from the profits on the goods throughout the first 150 years of the colony’s history.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Art History
World Cultures
Career and Technical Education
Virgin Islands History
Anthropology
Cultural Geography
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Author:
West Indian Heritage
Date Added:
08/16/2021
Edward Wilmot Blyden Observance on August
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Edward Wilmot Blyden (3 August 1832 – 7 February 1912) was a Liberian educator, author, diplomat, and politician who worked mostly in Liberia. He also spent five years teaching in Sierra Leone, and his writings had an impact in both countries.Blyden was born on 3 August 1832 in St Thomas, Danish West Indies (now known as the United States Virgin Islands) to Free Black parents from the Igbo tribe of modern-day Nigeria.Blyden edited the Liberia Herald from 1855 to 1856 and penned the editorial "A Voice From Bleeding Africa."He also spent time in other British colonies in West Africa, most notably Nigeria and Sierra Leone, where he wrote for both colonies' early newspapers.Additionally, he worked as an editor at The Negro and The African World. He maintained contacts with the American Colonization Society and contributed articles to their journals, African Depository and Colonial Journal.Blyden served as Liberia's ambassador to the United Kingdom and France as a diplomat. Blyden was named Liberia's Secretary of State as a young man (1862–64). He then served as Minister of the Interior from 1880 until 1882. Blyden is often considered the "founder of Pan-Africanism" as a writer. His magnum opus, Christianity, Islam, and the Negro Race (1887), argued that Islam was a more unifying and meaningful religion for Africans than Christianity.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Virgin Islands History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Homework/Assignment
Reading
Author:
Stephanie Chalana Brown
Date Added:
08/10/2021
International Day of Monuments and Sites
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International Day for Monuments discussion with Former Senator Myron Jackson about the bust of King Christian the IX being removed from the Emancipation Gardens public space as a result of public outcry.

The measure appropriates $20,000 from the St. Thomas Capital Improvement Fund to cover the cost of removing and replacing the sculpture. Additionally, the program promotes new discourses, alternative and nuanced approaches to established historical narratives, and promotes inclusive and diverse points of view.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Social Emotional Learning
Speaking and Listening
Caribbean History
Virgin Islands History
Anthropology
Civics
Cultural Geography
Political Science
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lecture
Unit of Study
Author:
Division of Virgin Islands Cultural Education
Date Added:
08/11/2021
Melvin Herbert Evans is the Virgin Islands' first elected Governor
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Melvin Herbert Evans is the Virgin Islands' first elected governor. Evans graduated from Howard University with a B.S. in 1940 and from the Howard College of Medicine with an M.D. four years later, following graduation from high school on St. Thomas. He then worked in a variety of medical and public health positions for the United States and the Virgin Islands.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Virgin Islands Culture
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Author:
Stephanie Chalana Brown
Date Added:
08/09/2021
Notes on the Danish West Indies on JSTOR
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Public Domain
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The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Vol. 22, The United States and Latin America (Jul., 1903), pp. 99-110 (12 pages)

Subject:
Virgin Islands History
Material Type:
Reading
Author:
Albert G. Keller
Date Added:
08/09/2021
Significant Political and Legal Developments This Year for U.S. Territories
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Public Domain
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Reexamination of the Insular Cases

Decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in the first decade of the 20th century, the Insular Cases are a series of decisions that established the status of the residents of territories which had recently been acquired by the United States during and immediately after the Spanish-American War. These cases remain the basis for the relationship between the territories and the rest of the United States.1 Many attorneys in the territories say the Insular Cases are the reason they went to law school. However, the Insular Cases are much less well known outside of the territories and are not included in some law school curricula.

Subject:
Philosophy
Language Education (ESL)
Caribbean History
Virgin Islands History
Law
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Author:
Legislative Director
National Association Of Attorneys General
Root --ppa-color-scheme
Ryan Greenstein
Special Assistant To The Executive Director
Date Added:
08/12/2021
Unearthing the lives of enslaved Africans
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Excavations on St. Croix fill in history’s blanksAn all-black team of archaeologists explains their approach to unearthing the day-to-day lives of enslaved A...

Subject:
Environmental Science
Arts and Humanities
Virgin Islands History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Author:
Science Magazine
Date Added:
09/07/2021
VI History Month/Virgin Islands History Month Celebration
Only Sharing Permitted
CC BY-ND
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“Every year in March, we honor our Virgin Islands' exceptional history and culture, as well as the achievements and contributions of its people. As Virgin Islanders, it is critical that we honor our forefathers' fortitude and continue to build on their great successes.This PowerPoint slide has hyperlinks for teachers to use in celebrating the significant celebration for virgin islands History Month.

Subject:
Virgin Islands History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Homework/Assignment
Author:
CRISTINA SENOSA
Date Added:
09/06/2021
Virgin Islands Cultural Notebook: July 3rd Emancipation
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It was determined in 1847 that future children born to enslaved laborers would be free, and that slavery would be abolished totally in 1859. Instead of agreeing to the deal, the enslaved began mobilizing, and on July 3rd, 1848, an estimated 8,000 enslaved individuals demanded their freedom 1848, an estimated 8,000 enslaved individuals demanded their freedom in Frederiksted in front of Fort Frederiksværn.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Education
English Language Arts
History
Social Science
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Author:
Stephanie Chalana Brown
Date Added:
08/18/2021
Virgin Islands Cultural Notebook: Virgin Islands Puerto Rican Friendship Day
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Friendship Day between the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico is a public holiday observed in the United States Virgin Islands on the second Monday of October. The holiday was established in 1964 by Governor Paiewonsky to recognize Puerto Ricans who live in the Virgin Islands or have made significant contributions to the territory.
The date was chosen to coincide with Columbus Day, as it was seen as "an ideal day for recognizing Americans' solidarity with the Caribbean.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
World Cultures
Elementary Education
Caribbean History
Virgin Islands Culture
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Author:
Division of Virgin Islands Cultural Education
Date Added:
08/11/2021